Pervez Musharraf’s Minions of Terror


Pervez HoodbhoyAfter his ill-advised dismissal of the chief justice of Pakistan’s Supreme Court ignited a firestorm of violent protests, President General Pervez Musharraf may be banking on Islamic fanatics to create chaos in the nation’s capital, Islamabad. Many suspect that an engineered bloodbath that leads to army intervention, and the declaration of a national emergency, could serve as a pretext to postpone the October 2007 elections. This could make way for Musharraf’s dictatorial rule to continue into its eighth year – and perhaps well beyond.

This perverse strategy sounds almost unbelievable. Musharraf, who President George W. Bush describes as his “buddy” and supports an “enlightened moderate” version of Islam, wears religious extremists’ two close attempts on his life as a badge of honor. But his secret reliance upon the Taliban card – one that he has been accused of playing for years – increases as his authority weakens.

Signs of government-engineered chaos abound. In the heart of Islamabad, vigilante groups from a government-funded mosque, the Lal Masjid, roam the streets and bazaars imposing Islamic morality and terrorizing citizens in full view of the police. Openly sympathetic to the Taliban and tribal militants fighting the Pakistan army, the two cleric brothers who head Lal Masjid, Maulana Abdul Aziz and Maulana Abdur Rashid Ghazi, have attracted a core of banned militant organizations around them. These include the Jaish-e-Muhammad, considered to be the pioneer of suicide bombings in the region.

The clerics openly defy the state. Since January 21, baton-wielding, burqa-clad students of the Jamia Hafsa, the woman’s Islamic university located next to Lal Masjid, have forcibly occupied a government building, the Children’s Library. In one of their many forays outside the seminary, this burqa brigade swooped upon a house, which they claimed was a brothel, and kidnapped three women and a baby.

Jamia Hafsa students in Islamabad demonstrating for enforcement of Islamic law, March 2007.

Male students from Islamabad’s many madrasas are even more active in terrorizing video shop owners, whom they accuse of spreading pornography. Newspapers have carried pictures of grand bonfires made with seized cassettes and CD’s. Most video stores in Islamabad have now closed. Their owners duly repented after a fresh campaign on May 4 by militants blew up a dozen music and video stores, barbershops and a girl’s school in the Northwest Frontier Province.

Astonishing patience has been shown by the Pakistani state, which on other occasions freely used air and artillery power to combat such challengers. The Lal Masjid clerics operate with impunity – no attempt has been made to cut off its electricity, gas, phone, or Web site – or even to shut down its illegal FM radio station. The chief negotiator appointed by Musharraf, Chaudhry Shujaat Husain, described the burqa brigade kidnappers as “our daughters,” with whom negotiations would continue and against whom “no operation could be contemplated.”

Clerics realize that the government wants to play ball. Their initial demand – the rebuilding of eight illegally constructed mosques that had been knocked down by Islamabad’s civic administration – became a call for enforcement of Sharia law across Pakistan. In a radio broadcast on April 12, the clerics issued a threat: “ There will be suicide blasts in the nook and cranny of the country. We have weapons, grenades, and we are expert in manufacturing bombs. We are not afraid of death…. ”

The Lal Masjid head cleric, a former student of my university in Islamabad, added the following chilling message for our women students:

The government should abolish coeducation. Quaid-e-Azam University has become a brothel. Its female professors and students roam in objectionable dresses. I think I will have to send my daughters of Jamia Hafsa to these immoral women. They will have to hide themselves in hijab, otherwise they will be punished according to Islam…. Our female students have not issued the threat of throwing acid on the uncovered faces of women. However, such a threat could be used for creating the fear of Islam among sinful women. There is no harm in it. There are far more horrible punishments in the hereafter for such women.

Indeed, on May 7, a female teacher in the QAU history department was physically assaulted in her office by a bearded, Taliban-looking man who screamed that he had instructions from Allah.

What’s next? As Islamabad heads the way of Pakistan’s tribal towns, the next targets will be girls’ schools, Internet cafes, bookshops, and stores selling Western clothing, followed by purveyors of toilet paper, tampons, underwear, mannequins, and other un-Islamic goods.

In a sense, the inevitable is coming to pass. Until a few years ago, Islamabad was a quiet, orderly, modern city no different from any other in Pakistan. Still earlier, it was largely the abode of Pakistan’s hyper-elite and foreign diplomats. But the rapid transformation of its demography brought with it hundreds of mosques with multi-barreled audio cannons mounted on minarets, as well as scores of madrasas illegally constructed in what used to be public parks and green areas. Now, tens of thousands of their students with little prayer caps dutifully chant the Koran all day. In the evenings, they roam in packs through the city’s streets and bazaars, gaping at store windows and lustfully ogling bare-faced women.

The stage is being set for transforming Islamabad into a Taliban stronghold. When Musharraf exits – which may be sooner rather than later – he will leave a bitter legacy that will last for generations, all for a little more taste of power.

** Pervez Hoodbhoy is professor of physics at Quaid-e-Azam University in Islamabad, Pakistan.

Copyright: Project Syndicate, 2007.

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